Nutritional recommendations in patients undergoing gastric surgery

One of the most performed cosmetic surgical procedures are those focused on helping people lose weight, mainly Gastric Sleeve Surgery in Tijuana Mexico. The main objective of this surgery is to reduce the proportion of the stomach, to decrease its storage capacity. For this type of procedure, it is necessary that the person undergoes different methods and do various medical tests. So that the surgeon can determine if he or she is suitable for surgery. This is because, due to certain diseases, it is not possible to submit the person to this type of surgical procedures

The goal of surgery is to reduce food intake; this does not mean that the person is going to eat poorly. The goal is that the individual consumes the amount of food according to the capacity of his stomach. The food that the patients must take must be high in nutrients, this so that the body can recover more quickly and can be strengthened. During the weeks of recovery, the diet will be varied as the person must get used to eating certain foods.

In this procedure, recovery is commonly divided into four phases, where the diet passes from a pure liquid to solids. It is a process that goes slowly, depending on how the body is recovering. When the individual is already in the last phase, the introduction of solids will be explicitly taken with certain foods, mainly those low in fats and sugars. Portions should be reduced, always taking intervals of approximately twenty minutes, this to facilitate the intake of food.

Although the diet may vary, depending on the patient’s needs, it is necessary to have a considered decrease in fat. This is because there is a deficit of absorption due to surgery, so if the food is greasy, it can cause discomfort in the patient because the fats take longer to absorb. Although the consumption of proteins helps rapid healing, people who undergo this type of surgery tend not to tolerate, in the first weeks, the foods of this family, so it should be replaced by protein powder.

The carbohydrates will contribute 45% of the person’s diet, the foods that s should be eaten are vegetables and fruits, leaving aside legumes and some cereals. As well as foods with high percentages of sugar. This type of food with high glucose content generates the dumping syndrome. As for fiber, it is recommended that only beta-glucans or oligosaccharides be consumed.

Fats, as already mentioned, should be reduced, mainly because it causes patients problems such as reflux, abdominal pain, flatulence, among others. The person must avoid the ingestion of alcohol since it not only contributes calories to the organism but also prevents the oxidation of the fats and helps the person not to lose weight. On the other hand, alcohol consumption causes diseases that can severely damage the organs.

In other words, the patient must eat according to the needs of their body and the surgery they are going to undergo, always following the instructions of a professional who can guide them throughout the recovery process.